Articles Tagged with arrest

nicolas-barbier-garreau-256433-copy-300x240If you are a fan of TV crime drama, you have probably come across this phrase: “You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you. You have the right to an attorney. If you cannot afford one, an attorney will be appointed for you.” These are a part of the Miranda Rights that the police are supposed to read out for you in the event of an arrest.

What Exactly are Miranda Rights?

The rights come from the Fifth Amendment right to be free from self-incrimination and the Sixth Amendment right to counsel. The name “Miranda” is derived from a case that was held in the Supreme Court known as Miranda V. Arizona. The Miranda Rights include the following:

POLICE CAR- BLUE LIGHTS“You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say may be used against you in a court of law.  You have the right to an attorney.” The Miranda warning, or Miranda rights, are probably familiar to anyone who has watched police dramas or true crime shows on television, but the practical aspects of them are often misunderstood.

History

People in the United States have the rights under the Fifth Amendment against self-incrimination and under the Sixth Amendment to an attorney when they are being accused of a crime by law enforcement. The Miranda warning developed out of a Supreme Court holding in Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966) which set out that in order for a statement made to law enforcement officers to be admissible in court the accused needs to be made explicitly aware of these two rights. The Miranda warning statement thus serves two purposes. First, it defends the accused by notifying them of their rights, and second it ensures that any statements that the accused makes to the police will be admissible in court.

When a person is arrested and faces criminal charges that may result in jail time, there is often a lengthy period of time between the initial arrest and the trial. During the time between your arrest and the eventual trial, bail can be posted, allowing you to remain free until trial.

What is Bail?

People post bail by paying money as a guarantee that they will not flee the area and that they will return for the trial. As long as the offender out on bail appears in court for trial, the money is returned. If the defendant does not return to the court, the bail money is forfeited.